The principles of orientation in Maharishi Sthapatya Veda are based on the position of the sun, considered by MVS to be the most powerful natural influence on Earth. Aligned with the rising sun, an East-facing house is considered most auspicious for the building's inhabitants. The other three cardinal directions also have their corresponding influences. Homes with entrances facing west invite "poverty, lack of creativity and vitality",and "anxiety, depression, bad luck and even criminal tendencies". According to the MVS official website, the west direction is said to have the influence of poverty and lack of vitality or creativity, the north direction has the influence of prosperity and happiness and the south direction has the influence of negativity, problems and suffering.
When a house for a particular individual is being designed, the placement of the building and its rooms are carefully planned according to their intended usage and the influence of the sun as it moves throughout the day. Rooms are placed to "take in the sun's light as it passes overhead". Windows and skylights are also used to allow as much natural sunlight as possible to enter the building.An aspect of MVS called "Vastu Vidya" determines the places in the building that are used for generating and storing natural elements like fire and water; heating and plumbing Bathrooms fixtures such as sinks and mirrors also have a particular placement according to MSV.
The rule for proper proportion in MVS is symmetry. Symmetry is orderly and in a symmetrical system every part is related to every other part. MVS says that there is an ideal proportion for every room in a home or office. Also, the length, width and elevation of the building are individually calculated using the ancient Vedic mathematical formulas and requires a level of construction precision that includes a one eighth inch error tolerance.
MVS planning and building is said to take into account the effects of the sun, moon, planets and stars and also using the poles and the equator as reference points. The measurements and proportions are calculated in reference to proportions of the human physiology and the cosmos. This results in building proportions that are in harmony with nature.
One unique feature of a MVS or "Vedic building" is a center space called a 'Brahmasthan', serving as a "silent core" which is "never walked on" and is "lit by a skylight". The Brahmastan is said to act as the "nucleus" or axis point for the structure like the nucleus of a cell or an atom.
Other unique features include a perimeter designation called a 'vastu fence'. This boundary line may consist of shrubs or a metal, stone or wood fence. Another feature is a "small, golden, roof ornament" or cupola, called a 'kalash'.
Three "special ceremonies" performed on "auspicious dates" are recommended by MSV. These include a ground breaking in which is described as digging a precise square hole while facing East, adding organic fertilizer and "sacred water" from India and making statements of goodwill and success for the new construction. A cornerstone laying and moving in ceremony complete the trio of recommended procedures.
Thursday, May 20, 2010
Maharishi Sthapatya Veda (MSV) concept advocated by Maharishi Mahesh Yogi andpurportedly a school of "architecture" based on the Hindu tradition of Vastu Shastra.
MVS is said to be based on "ancient Sanskrit texts".MSV emphasizes the use of natural or "green" building materials such as wood, bricks, adobe, rammed earth, clay, stucco and marble. Other natural fibers such as wood, paper, cotton and wool are used in the interiorThe MVS architect also considers the slope and shape of the lot, exposure to the rising sun, location of nearby bodies of water and the other buildings or activities in the nearby environment.Items in the nearby environment, such as high tension wires and microwave towers, are avoided.
According Maharishi Global Construction LLC (MGC) in Fairfield, Iowa, building a home according to the principles of MSV "connects the individual intelligence of the occupant of the house to the cosmic intelligence of the universe".Craig Pearson, Executive Vice President of Maharishi University of Management (MUM), says that spending time in buildings that follow these principles makes one smarter
Vastu Purusha Mandala
The concept of Vastu Purusha
The Vastu Purusha Mandala is an indispensable part of vastu shastra and constitutes the mathematical and diagrammatic basis for generating design. It is the metaphysical plan of a building that incorporates the course of the heavenly bodies and supernatural forces. Purusha refers to energy, power, soul or cosmic man. Mandala is the generic name for any plan or chart which symbolically represents the cosmos.
In Hindu cosmology the surface of the earth is represented as a square, the most fundamental of all Hindu forms. The earth is represented as four-cornered in reference to the horizon's relationship with sunrise and sunset, the North and South direction. It is called Chaturbhuji (four cornered) and represented in the form of the Prithvi Mandala. The astrological charts or horoscopes also represent in a square plan the positions of the sun, moon, planets and zodiac constellations with reference to a specific person's place and time of birth.
The legend of the Vastu Purusha is related thus. Once a formless being blocked the heaven from the earth and Brahma with many other gods trapped him to the ground. This incident is depicted graphically in the Vastu Purusha Mandala with portions allocated hierarchically to each deity based on their contributions and positions. Brahma occupied the central portion - the Brahmasthana- and other gods were distributed around in a concentric pattern. There are 45 gods in all including 32 outer deities
In Indian architecture, the dwelling is itself a shrine. A home is called manushyalaya, literally, "human temple". It is not merely a shelter for human beings in which to rest and eat. The concept behind house design is the same as for temple design, so sacred and spiritual are the two spaces. The "open courtyard" system of house design was the national pattern in India before Western models were introduced. The order introduced into the "built space" accounts for the creation of spiritual ambiance required for the indweller to enjoy spiritual well-being and material welfare and prosperity. At right is a typical layout of a square building, with a grid of 9x9=81 squares, meant for family persons (for scientists, artists and yogi a grid of 8x8=64 is prescribed). The space occupied by the central 3x3=9 squares is called Brahmasthanam, meaning the "nuclear energy field". It should be kept unbuilt and open to the sky so as to have contact with the outer space (akasha). This central courtyard is likened to the lungs of the human body. It is not for living purposes. Religious and cultural events can be held here--such as yajna (fire rituals), music and dance performances and marriage. The row of squares surrounding the Brahmasthanam is the walkway. The corner spaces, occupying 2x2=4 squares, are rooms with specific purposes. The northeast quarter is called Isana, the southeast Agni, the southwest Niruthi and northwest Vayu. These are said to possess the qualities of four respective devatas or gods--Isa, Agni, Niruthi and Vayu. Accordingly--with due respect to ecological friendliness with the subtle forces of the spirit—those spaces (quarters) are assigned as follows: northeast for the home shrine, southeast for the kitchen, southwest for the master bedroom and northwest for the storage of grains. The spaces lying between the corner zones, measuring 2x5=10 squares, are those of the north, east, south and west. They are meant for multi purposes
There are many principles in Vaastu Shastra. To mention a few which involve certain mathematical calculations, Maana is used for proportional relationships in a building and Aayaadi specifies conditions for maximum wellbeing and benefits for the residents of a building. Below are some of the basic theories in vaastu sastra.
According to vastu sastra, the world comprises five basic elements known as the pancha maha bhoota. Out of the eight planets, ours has life because of the presence and balance of these five elements. The five elements are as follows.
EARTH (Bhumi) - Earth, the third planet in order from the sun, is a big magnet with North and South poles as centers of attractions. Its magnetic field and gravitational force has considerable effects on everything on the Earth, living and non-living.
WATER (Jala) - This is represented by rain, river, sea and is in the form of liquid, solid (ice) and gas (steam, cloud). It forms part of every plant and animal. Our blood is nothing but water with haemoglobin and oxygen.
AIR (Vayu) - As a life supporting element, air is a very powerful life source. Human physical comfort values are directly and sensitively dependent on correct humidity, air flow, temperature of air, air pressure, air composition and its content.
FIRE (Agni) - Represents light and heat which account for day, night, the seasons, energy, enthusiasm, passion and vigour.
SPACE (Akasha) - The akasha provides shelter to all the above elements. It is also considered the primary conductor of all energy sources within the universal context - physical energies such as sound and light, social energies such as psychological and emotional, and cognitive energies such as intellect and intuition.
There is an invisible and constant relation between all the five elements. Thus, the person can improve their conditions by properly designing their buildings by understanding the effectiveness of these five natural forces. Vaastu sastra combines all the five elements of nature and balances them with the person and the material. It takes advantage of the benefits bestowed by the five elements of nature to create a congenial living and working environment thereby facilitating spiritual well-being and paving the way for enhanced health, wealth, prosperity and happiness.
The Sanskrit word vastu means existing or abiding substance or essence, thing, object,wealth, property". The vriddhi, vāstu takes the meaning of "the site or foundation of a house, site, ground, building or dwelling-place, habitation, homestead, house". The underlying root is vas "to dwell, live, stay, abide".
The term shastra may loosely be translated as "science, doctrine, teaching".
Vastu shastras include
Manasara Silpa Shastra (by Manasara),Mayamatam (by Maya),
Visvakarma Vastushastra (by Visvakarma),Samarangana Sutradara
(by Raja Bhoja),Aparajita Priccha (a dialogue between
Viswakarma and his son Aparajita, written by Bhuvanadevacharya)
Other treatises such as Agni Purana and works by Kautilya and Sukracharya are not popular even though they preceded the previously mentioned documents. Distinction of style exists due to each document's place of origin. Mayamata and Mansara Silpa Shastra are considered Dravidian because they are from south India whereas Visvakarama Vastu Shastra is considered Indo-Aryan due to its north Indian origin.